Why Smart Cities Services Need Federated Access

Why Smart Cities Services Need Federated Access

Why Smart Cities Services Need Federated Access

Clean sidewalks, safe roads, green parks, pure air. That is the dream of a city in which their inhabitants enjoy walking, jogging, commuting, sightseeing, meeting people at the boulevard. But, what happens when the cities grow at a such unstoppable speed that the dream turns into a nightmare? Why smart cities services need federated access?

Not surprisingly, the tech industry already rolled up their sleeves and today is offering a range of impressive apps, services and devices that seem to solve every possible problem. This is the promise of the smart cities. For instance, a cloud-based service can help control the lights of a large park and deliver both safety and energy savings. Citizens have heard of wonders like this and are starting to use smart cities’ services. Installing a few elegantly designed apps on their phones is easy. Signing up for these services sometimes is a hassle: creating a user, choosing a new password, or selecting an identity to use. And the reality is gloomier if you are the one building smart cities’ services: as an organization or company you must coexist with third party platforms, services or data in order to offer a valuable service. Let us explore now a few of these cases for real.

Electricity

Today some cities—especially in high-income countries—have the bad reputation of consuming excessive electricity and water per capita. To mitigate this, electricity distribution companies have embraced digitalisation efforts to provide online services that empower customers to drive a change. By means of a mobile app (or the traditional browser), you can monitor and control how much energy your house is consuming. But, what if you want that other residents of your household also access these systems? Easy, with a few taps you delegate rights of using these services to anybody you wish. Now this person is helping you in saving energy, money and making your city smarter and more sustainable. What none of you knows is that in the background the electricity company deployed an identity and access management platform.

Waste management

A large municipality that aims to improve waste collection has signed agreements to exchange data with two companies. The city administration teams up with two waste management companies who operate in different areas. Waste containers have embedded sensors that send relevant data to determine optimal collection time and frequency. A system integrates this data and allows operators to monitor the neighborhoods based on real-time location of collection points and trucks. The three organisations inevitably share some data among each other, but only what is strictly necessary. When their employees use an interface that shows the pickup points, behind the scenes there is a service that makes this happen. It is a federated access system, a software-based service that enables multiple independent organisations to access each others’ data based on a trust relationship. Additionally, conscious citizens could use a mobile app or a web site to report problems to the system.

Traffic monitoring systems

In big cities and during the busiest times of the day, an ambulance might spend nearly one hour to reach its destination from the time the emergency call took place. In a smart city, the emergency services can fetch real-time information from the traffic monitoring systems in order to reduce response time. As you can imagine neither health nor emergency services are the ones who install and manage monitoring devices on the streets. Another entity such as the police or the municipality has more incentives and reasons to deploy these services. What’s more, these public services can be subcontracted from a private company. Once this system becomes operational, there will be a network of organisations accessing this information and each participant needs a subset of this data. The emergency services will have access to congestion information but not to security cameras, the police will have access to those security cameras and to speed cameras too, and the municipality might have access to a data set of their own. As things start getting complex in terms of who has access to what, these organisations, both private and public, must establish a federated network.

Wi-Fi hot spots providers

Technology per se is attracting millions of people to cities worldwide. Today if you are a tourist visiting a new city, you can find “free” Wi-Fi access at airports, libraries, museums, shopping centers, hotels, and even at outdoor areas such as parks and shopping alleys. But there is still an inconvenience. When you connect to any of these sites’ networks, usually each asks you a different requirement: input a one-time customer code, share your email, share your phone number, choose your favorite social media service to log in, or sometimes surprisingly nothing. This is inconsistent, uncomfortable, and it doesn’t bring users a sense of trust. What if you could register to a single identity provider (such as an Internet or mobile provider) so when you move to the next place on your journey, you do not need to authenticate again? This smooth experience (known as “single-sign on”) would bring visitors the feeling that they are walking across a modern, smart city. As in the previous scenarios, all hot spot providers must belong to a common federation. Although the EU has removed the roaming fees, this is still a challenge for a tourist. Especially if you are travelling outside of EU, or travelling within the EU without an EU mobile subscription.

Why Smart Cities Services Need Federated Access

The smart cities revolution brings a plethora of cases like these four (electricity, waste management, traffic monitoring systems and Wi-Fi hot spots providers), which show that smart cities will not succeed without federated access. Public services will massively benefit with federated access, but this will also create fresh opportunities for both private companies and startups. Federation will help this dream come true.

 

Smart cities - benefits of federated identity and access management system

 

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Deborah Tavares – The Globalist Endgame: Mega ‘Smart’ Cities Controlled by A.I.

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MegaCities: Where Human Being Should LIVE to Be More Productive – University of Pennsylvania Law School

MegaCities:  Where Human Being Should LIVE to Be More Productive – University of Pennsylvania Law School
 
EXCERPTS from link below:

Introduction

Human beings should live in places where they are most productive, and megacities,3 where information, innovation and opportunities congregate, would be the optimal choice.4 Yet, megacities in both China and the U.S. are excluding people by limiting housing supply. In the U.S., New York City has lost a net of 529,000 domestic migrants from 2010 to 2015, in large part due to its high housing costs.5 In San Francisco, housing production has long failed to match the city’s economic growth, with only 11,000 units added to its housing stock from 2009 to 2015, a period in which the city added over 123,000 new jobs.6In China both city governments in Beijing and Shanghai have reduced the supply of residential land to control population, resulting in reduced speed of population growth in Beijing and population outflow in Shanghai since 2016.7 Why, despite their many differences, is the same type of exclusion happening in these

two countries? The two countries are fundamentally different in land ownership regimes, land use regulations, and urban governance—governments in Chinese megacities monopolize land supply, manipulate land use controls, and centralize decision-making processes to promote growth. Governments in U.S. megacities, by contrast, have been taken over by decentralized local communities dominated by homeowners.

Our comparative study of the homeowner-dominated megacities of the U.S.11 and growth-dominated megacities of China12demonstrates that relying on business and political elites to provide affordable housing is a false hope. Homeowers do not generally look favorably on newcomers to a city who demand housing and public services but do not have sufficiently deep pockets to purchase an apartment. Neither do growth-oriented city governments that control resources and have the capacity to make and implement whatever policies they deem to be pro- growth. This article argues that the growth machine vs. homevoter debate shares the same incomplete framework of urban governance that gives no voice to city residents who own no property or businesses, and calls for citizen-based urban goverance to replace property-based urban governance. The article also furthers that debate by comparing land use controls and development processes in the U.S. and China.

China presents a very different picture of land use control. There, land use regulations are administratively driven.15 The general public has only nominal rights to participate in the zoning process. Land use power is concentrated at the city administration level under the command of a strong city leader. As a result, city governments can make zoning amendments quickly with little input from the public.16 However, the Chinese central government, urban planning officials, professionals, and scholars have exposed significant problems within this “efficient” system, and argued that the lack of public participation is endangering the legitimacy of zoning in China and contributing to an inefficient housing market.17 The Chinese real estate market exhibits a combination of skyrocketing prices in the country’s megacities, which results in the exclusion of middle- and low-income populations (as well as the denial of employment and social opportunities), and housing oversupply in its smaller cities, as symbolized by the numerous “ghost cities” dotting the landscape.18 In this article, we focus on housing shortages in Chinese and American megacities.

https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2946&context=faculty_scholarship

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SMART CITIES: City as a Platform Manifesto: Ten common principles driving smart city success – TM Forum Inform

City as a Platform Manifesto: Ten common principles driving smart city success

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Smart/Resilient Cities – future of the Internet of Things will be ‘EPIC’ – white paper . . .

The future of the Internet of Things will be ‘EPIC’

Georgia Institute of Technology’s Center for the Development and Application of Internet of Things Technologies (CDAIT) recently released a new paper titled “Driving New Modes of IoT-Facilitated Citizen/User Engagement.” ITU News caught up with Alain Louchez, Managing Director of CDAIT, to discuss the potential of the Internet of Things (IoT) for improving lives and building Smart Cities.

 

The future of the Internet of Things will be ‘EPIC’

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Project NEMO | New/Next Economic Model…

https://bengin.net/nemo/

Project NEMO (New/Next Economic Model)

Project NEMO started 200 Years after the “Wealth of Nations” from Adam Smith when there were mainly trading (mercantilism) and manual work. One head was enough for 1000 hands. People had little value. Witches were beheaded, workers were less educated and the mean life expectation was around 38 Years.

“Wealth of Nations” was made in and for another Real World and Life.
Following this old paradigms and rules will direct industry and nations back to 1776.
No way to make a BMW with rules and tools designed for making a steam machine.

Project NEMO started from scratch in today’s Real World and Life. Based on present human needs and potential.
It enables new insights and decision options for enterprises and nations to create real wealth.
And it’s compatible to proven classic rules.

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