Building a City like a Smartphone
The most predictable thing about technology is the pace of its change. From Moore’s Law to the annual release of new iPhones, we expect each year to bring new technologies and cost efficiencies. Yet when it comes to the buildings and infrastructure that make up our cities, too often we expect the opposite: lengthy delays and cost overruns.
During the design and construction of a single project, whole generations of digital evolution may take place. When design for One World Trade Center (1WTC) began in 2003, neither Facebook nor Uber existed, and Blackberry was the clear leader in smartphones.
During the second half of 1WTC’s construction, the Apple iPhone, released in 2007, saw at least 47 revisions to its operating system, changing how we communicate, shop, and experience media. By the time the first tenants occupied the building, people’s use of technology had evolved dramatically. At any point during the construction timeline, people’s current use of apps and devices wouldn’t have been a good guide to their future expectations.
When the digital and physical meet, some pieces move faster than others. How, then, do we create systems that won’t become obsolete in a matter of months or years? In other words, how can we build environments to be more like a smartphone that improves every year?
While technology and the way in which we interact with this technology is constantly shifting, there are certain fundamental components that remain constant. To bridge the difference in timescales and pace of change between larger systems — like buildings, neighborhoods and cities — and smaller systems, like iPhones and apps, there are three principles that can help ensure sustained relevance through the years.
Be Foundational: Rather than think of technology as a shrink-wrapped product, look to build the technical and human capabilities. Invest in the underlying infrastructure that will support the things you want to do. The base layer doesn’t change as quickly as the top layer. If you get the foundation wrong, it’s much harder to fix later. The diameter and location of 19th century conduit underneath New York City’s streets, for example, constrains where 21st century connectivity can go.
Be Modular: Instead of thinking in terms of units, think in terms of platforms. A streetlight must provide light, but it also offers a physical platform on the street — a place where power, space, and connectivity come together. Designs featuring easily exchangeable components enable new possibilities within the same basic infrastructure, from 5G broadband radios to chargers for electric vehicles.
Be Open: Innovation online has thrived in part due to an openness to collaboration with others. Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and Software Development Kits (SDKs) allow anyone to build upon existing technologies, from sending mobile payments using Venmo to finding bikeshare locations on Google Maps. As people add smart home devices like programmable lighting and locks, standards like Z-Wave and Zigbee reduce the likelihood that homeowners will need to tear open their walls as new brands develop.
A smartphone hasn’t reached its full potential when the first model rolls off the assembly line. Through software updates and an open approach to innovation, its greatest value is created over time. Our goal for the built environment should be no less ambitious.
Applying these foundational, modular and open principles to our surroundings allows for flexibility, which in turn leads to sustainability and continued innovation. Such an approach makes it possible for buildings and cities themselves to benefit from the trends that enable continuous innovation in the digital world. While upgrading a building may never be as easy as downloading a software update, there’s a lot we can learn from comparing the two.
40 ³ Fruit from a Poisonous Tree
NEVER WATCH THE HAND BEHIND MY BACK
While researching my first book, High Priests of Treason, I discovered
some of the most fascinating information anyone could ever hope to uncover
about money, finance and government. I will share it with you so that you
have a better understanding of the issues you will be reading about and
possibly facing in the near future. This knowledge could not be obtained
without years of research; I have saved you the trouble of traveling that same
forty miles of bad road. I do, however, advise any that wish to challenge
this evil empire as I have to verify cites and information that I supply. Get
educated on the facts before you act, and then act.
My investigation concentrated on the Judiciary; Internal Revenue
Service; Federal Reserve Bank, Inc.; Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
offices of the Secretary of the Treasury and State; as well as the President
and the Congress. That investigation has disclosed, in my mind, a broad,
premeditated conspiracy by the International Bankers and their agents in the
United States government to defraud and enslave the Citizens of the united
States of America since 1900.
Full Link Above
California State CAFR Examined, Fraud Discovered, Heads Roll by Walter Burien (August 1, 2012)
BREAKING NEWS: California State CAFR looked at; Fraud identified; Heads Roll
First Domino to fall:
It appears someone did a little digging into the CA State CAFR report.
It is not said in the Los Angeles Times News Article but it would be my estimate that the funds identified were sitting in a designated advance liability account. Now it is time to turn the same rocks over for all cities; county; state; enterprise; school district; and state university accounts.
For the CA State Parks it was 54-million. Collectively for all local government operations (tens of thousands of operations) it is a few trillion.
The department head resigned and the assistant fired. What cojones did they forget, or intentionally ignore to cut off? The state attorney who dotted the “I’s” and crossed the “T’s” setting up the hidden funding account for them in the first place (Emphasis added)
Every one of these stash accounts is signed off on by the city; county; or state attorney.. The true fraud begins there, and usually the same is checked off on by a local judge. (Again; Emphasis added) Attorneys running the show, the employee(s) following their instructions but then the employee getting the axe as the scape goat.
Per these types of situations: If “true” accountability came to play: Black robes and their cooperative suited shill attorneys should be forced to dress in orange jump suits and locked in an eight by ten cell for a very long time.
Have your local Sheriff investigate and arrest the true responsible party for the fraud involved in these matters. The attorneys and judges who structured and then signed off on it all.
Please share with all that you know, re-post, blog, and website post.
Sent FYI from,
Walter Burien – CAFR1
P. O. Box 2112
Saint Johns, AZ 85936
Tel. (928) 458-5854
From: Los Angeles Times
Sent: Friday, July 20, 2012 12:40 PM
Subject: Breaking: State parks had $54-million hidden surplus, officials say
State parks had $54-million hidden surplus, officials say
Los Angeles Times | July 20, 2012 | 0:22 PM
California’s state parks system secretly stashed away $54 million even as it was cutting services and threatening to close parks, officials announced today. The department’s director, Ruth Coleman, resigned, and her second in command was fired as the hidden surplus was revealed. The state attorney general’s office is conducting an investigation.
The announcement means the department has plenty of cash, even though it has been soliciting hundreds of thousands of dollars in donations in what was thought to be a desperate scramble to keep parks open.
Officials from the agency that oversees the parks department said the department has under-reported tens of millions of dollars for the last 12 years.
For the full story and latest information go to http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-state-parks-20120721,0,3462998.story
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